• by Tanya M Laidlaw
    CONCLUSION: Contrary to our hypothesis, TP receptor blockade worsened aspirin-induced reactions in AERD, possibly by exacerbating dysregulation of the eicosanoid system. TP signaling on stromal cells may be critical to maintaining PGE(2) production when COX-2 function is low.
  • by Xin Wang
    CONCLUSIONS: These findings establish BCAM as a marker of airway stem cells among the BC pool and demonstrate that airway epithelial remodeling in T2 inflammation extends beyond goblet cell metaplasia to the support of a BC stem state poised to perpetuate inflammation.
  • by Dinah Foer
    CONCLUSION: Specific allergic diseases and common allergic biomarkers are differentially associated with ADRs to Mrgprx2-activating drugs. These findings from a large, "real world" drug-exposed population highlight clinical factors that may contribute to non-IgE-mediated drug allergy.
  • by Jun Nagai
    Innate immune responses to innocuous Ags can either prevent or facilitate adaptive type 2 allergic inflammation, but the mechanisms are incompletely understood. We now demonstrate that macrophage UDP-specific type 6 purinergic (P2Y6) receptors selectively activate NFATC2, a member of the NFAT family, to drive an innate IL-12/IFN-γ axis that prevents type 2 allergic inflammation. UDP […]
  • by Tahereh Derakhshan
    Mast cells (MCs) are widely recognized as central effector cells during type 2 inflammatory reactions and thought to also play a role in innate immune responses, wound healing, and potentially cancer. Circulating progenitor cells mature to MCs in peripheral tissues, where they exhibit phenotypic and functional heterogeneity. This diversity likely originates from differences in MC […]
  • by Joshua A Boyce
    Type 2 inflammation (T2I) underlies the pathogenesis of asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, and eosinophilic esophagitis. Mast cells (MCs) are tissue resident hematopoietic effector cells thought to play major roles in T2I. Two subtypes of human MCs are recognized based on immunohistochemical differences. MCs expressing tryptase but not chymase (MC(T)) reside within mucosal epithelial […]
  • by Tanya M Laidlaw
    Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease has fascinated and frustrated specialists in allergy/immunology, pulmonology, and otorhinolaryngology for decades. It generally develops in previously healthy young adults and is unremitting and challenging to treat. The classical triad of asthma, nasal polyposis, and pathognomonic respiratory reactions to aspirin and other cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors is accompanied by high levels of mast cell […]
  • by Jesper Säfholm
    CONCLUSIONS: MCTR3, but not LTD(4), decreased the IL-13-induced airway hyperresponsiveness by activation of the CysLT(1) receptor. The distinct actions of the two lipid mediators on the CysLT(1) receptor suggest an alternative signalling pathway appearing under inflammatory conditions, where this new action of MCTR3 implicates potential to inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness in asthma.
  • by Joshua A Boyce
    Mast cells (MCs) contribute prominently to all allergic diseases, yet are still poorly understood owing to their exclusive residence in tissues. Recently, the use of RNA-sequencing, proteomics, and other technological advances have accelerated the acquisition of new knowledge. This includes an expanded definition of MC heterogeneity and developmental origins, previously unrecognized functions for MCs, discoveries […]
  • by Katherine N Cahill
    CONCLUSIONS: The levels of nasal and systemic aspirin-induced mast cell products are discordant in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease. Systemically detected levels are likely derived from mast cells outside of the sinonasal cavity and do not accurately reflect upper respiratory tract production. Increased body mass index decreases systemic mast cell mediator production and reaction severity, supporting a […]